Babies Walkers to 2 2s to 3s 3s to 4s

Overview and benefit

Babies and young children learn primarily through sound. In fact babies are learning through sound when still in the womb since their ears are fully functional prior to birth. Studies show that when babies and young children are presented with both visual and sound stimuli that they will first be attracted by the sound. This could be because sounds are more transient than visual stimuli so the brain has evolved to give sound priority when there is a choice. It is also probably because sound stimuli are particularly important to young children in their development of language. Young children and babies do not differentiate between music and sounds in the way an adult does, instead they are fascinated by all sound particularly when they are instrumental in creating it.

Training videos

Sound Box-1 from MAD Academy on Vimeo.

Equipment required

  • Bags or baskets to contain objects – see suggestions below


Two to three weeks

How it works

Babies will be given a selection of sound making objects to explore.

What to do in the class

Place a variety of everyday objects (not instruments) into small bags. Divide the class into small groups. Give each group a bag and let them investigate all the different objects and the different sounds they make. Suitable objects could include:

  • Rustly paper
  • Curtain rings joined together to form a rattle
  • Lids and beaters or sticks
  • Squeaky ducks
  • Pots and pans with wooden spoons
  • Keys
  • Bubble wrap
  • Balloon with rice in
  • Spoons
  • Small metal dishes
  • Stones to bang together
  • Balls with chimes in (meditation balls)

Adaptations for older/younger children

None required.

What to do in a nursery setting

Seated in a small circle produce the objects and encourage the staff to help the babies engage.


You could ‘theme’ your bags and to create different bags each week, e.g:

  • noisy animals – any squeaky animals, or the noise makers (the ones you turn upside down to make an animal noise), any other animal baby toys or soft toys that make a noise.
  • noisy papers – newspaper, tissue paper, metallic wrapping paper, bubble wrap of different sizes
  • noisy shakers – balloons rice, balls with bells in, balloons with bells in, noise fisher price (or other) blocks, groan tubes.
  • noisy metals – chimes, keys, pots and pans and thing metal that jingle jangles or chimes that is relatively baby safe.
  • noisy toys – anything else noise that does not fit into the other categories – i.e bike horn, a bell, any toy that makes a noise, hand clappers, rattles etc

See for further ideas.