Babies Walkers 2 2s to 3s 3s to 4s

Overview and benefit

A child needs to develop phonological awareness in order to learn to read and write. Before they can learn about phonics (the individual units of sound and their symbolic representation) and learn to blend phonemes together to form words, there are some early phonetic skills they need to have. These include alliteration, rhyme and onset and rime.

Alliteration – this means that children can hearing the same sound at the start of words, e.g. they begin to recognise that ball, bat, bed and bath start with the same sound

Rhyme – this means that children can hear when the end sounds in two word are the same, e.g. king and ring.

Onset and rime – this means children are able to hear that a word can be split into its initial sound (onset) and the chunk of sound (comprising a vowel and one or more letter sounds) that come after it e.g. ‘b’ and ‘at’ for bat, or ‘ch’ and ‘air’ for chair.

This activity aims to help children begin to identify rhymes.

Equipment required

  •  Pictures of Ralph to illustrate rhymes

Link to resources


  • Two the three weeks                                       

Training Video

Ralphs Rhyme Time-1 from MAD Academy on Vimeo.

Phonics Rhyming – Ralphs Rhyme Time-1 from MAD Academy on Vimeo.


How it works

Children learn some simple rhymes of our own featuring Ralph which are illustrated with pictures.

What to do in the class

Teach children one of the rhymes below and use the pictures to illustrate what Ralph is doing. Point out to the children which words rhyme. Can they think of other words that would rhyme too.

Ralph’s Cake

Ralph has made a tasty cake

He put it in the oven to bake

He put it in a box to take

It to a picnic by the lake

Ralph’s Cat

Ralph has a little cat

His cat is very very fat

It sleeps all day on its fluffy mat

And on its head is a woolly hat!

Ralph’s Tree

Ralph climbs a big tall tree

He climbs the branches one two three

At the top he can suddenly see

A big and buzzing honey bee

Ralph’s Wall

Ralph likes to sit on a big brick wall

Like Humptey Dumpty’s, it’s very tall

He likes to drop his bouncy ball

And watch it fall and fall and fall.

Ralph’s Treat

Ralph likes to eat

Something sweet

As a really special treat!

What do you eat

For a treat

Is it savoury or is it sweet?


Adaptation for older/younger children

This activity is only suitable for verbal children.

What to do in a nursery setting

No adaptation is necessary