Babies Walkers to 2 2s to 3s 3s to 4s

Overview and benefit

It is important for children to learn the vocabulary and meaning of spatial relationships (i.e. on, in, under, up, down, beside, behind etc).  This understand helps the children to mentally manipulate objects and is a basic building block for future learning.  Children learn these concepts best through repetition, rhyme and physical demonstration.

Equipment required

Link to resources

Training video

Positional Songs from MAD Academy on Vimeo.


Up to six weeks

How it works

Children learn about position using song and rhyme

What to do in the class

Choose from:

  • Grand Old Duke of York
  • Hands up on your Head
  • Hokey Cokey
  • Hickory Dickory Dock
  • Round and Round the Garden
  • 10 Fingers Rhyme
  • Put Your Bean Bag on Your Head (new song with recording)
  • Up and Down (new spoken rhyme with recording)
  • Open and Shut (new spoken rhyme with recording)

Introduce the song and explain to the parents that we are focussing on spatial relationships (i.e up, down, in out).  Introduce the song you are going to learn and discuss with the group the spatial relationships in order to pre-teach them before hand.  For example, for the Grand Old Duke of York, practice, up, down and halfway up prior to starting the song.  Emphasis each spatial relationship with clear movement to demonstrate.


Adaptations for 2s to 4s

No adaptation required

What to do in a nursery setting

No adaptation is necessary